Herbs of the Mint Family

A Common and Generalized Overview on Herbs of the Mint Family

The mint family contains several hundreds of herbs, that have been in use for various purposes for a long time. Spearmint, peppermint, oregano, basil, and thyme, are some of the common herbs, that belong to the mint family.
Some Information About the Mint Family
The mint family is also known as Lamiaceae, and contains approximately 6900 to 7200 species, some of which are herbs, while others are shrubs, subshrubs, and small trees. The members of the mint family are known for their strong and pleasant aroma. Basil, thyme, lavender, peppermint, spearmint, and rosemary, are some of the common herbs of the mint family, which have found a wide range of applications in human society.
The term 'herb', is commonly used for those plants, which can be used for flavoring, food, medicine, or perfume. But in American botanical English, herb is the abbreviation of herbaceous plants. In this article however, we have included some members of the mint family, such as holy basil and common sage, that are not herbaceous plants, but are widely known as herbs for their medicinal and culinary uses.
Herbs of the Lamiaceae (Mint) Family
Common Name Botanical Name Used as/ Grown for
Rock thyme Acinos alpinus Medicinal herb and garden plant
Basil thyme Acinos arvensis -
Santa Clara thornmint Acanthomintha lanceolata -
Anise hyssop/Blue giant hyssop Agastache foeniculum Medicinal plant, leaves are used for seasoning
Mexican giant hyssop Agastache mexicana Flavoring agent and herbal tea
Small-leaf giant hyssop Agastache parvifolia -
Korean mint/Blue licorice/Purple giant hyssop Agastache rugosa Medicinal and culinary herb, ornamental plant
Threadleaf giant hyssop/Licorice mint Agastache rupestris Ornamental plant
Nettle-leaf giant hyssop Agastache urticifolia Medicinal plant
Yellow bugle/Ground pine Ajuga chamaepitys Medicinal plant
Geneva bugleweed/Upright bugle/Blue bugleweed Ajuga genevensis Ornamental plant
Bugle/Blue bugle/Bugleweed Ajuga reptans Garden plant
Hairy wood mint/Hairy pagoda plant Blephilia hirsuta Garden plant
Downy wood mint/Ohio horsemint Blephilia ciliata Medicinal herb
Large-flowered calamint/Showy calamint/Mint savory Calamintha grandiflora Medicinal and ornamental plant, culinary herb
Lesser calamint Calamintha nepeta Culinary herb (in Italian cuisines)
Canary Islands-balm/Balm of Gilead Cedronella canariensis Garden plant
Dragon's head Dracocephalum rupestre Ornamental plant and a tea substitute
Moldavian dragonhead Dracocephalum moldavica Medicinal and ornamental plant, seeds are used for extracting oil
Red hemp-nettle Galeopsis angustifolia -
Large-flowered hemp-nettle Galeopsis speciosa Medicinal herb
Common hemp-nettle Galeopsis tetrahit -
Bifid hemp-nettle/Split-lip hemp-nettle/Common hemp-nettle Galeopsis bifida -
Spreading false pennyroyal Hedeoma diffusa -
Drummond's false pennyroyal Hedeoma drummondii Flavoring agent
American pennyroyal/American false pennyroyal Hedeoma pulegioides -
White nettle/ White dead-nettle Lamium album Medicinal plant, and vegetable
Henbit deadnettle/Greater henbit Lamium amplexicaule Edible plant
Yellow archangel Lamium galeobdolon Ornamental plant
English lavender/Common lavender/True lavender Lavandula angustifolia Culinary and medicinal herb, ornamental plant, also used in Aromatherapy
French lavender Lavandula dentata Medicinal and ornamental plant, oil is used in perfumes
French lavender/Spanish lavender Lavandula stoechas Ornamental and medicinal plant, also used in air fresheners and insecticides
French lavender Lavandula pedunculata Ornamental plant
Fernleaf lavender/Egyptian lavender Lavandula multifida Ornamental plant
Motherwort Leonurus cardiaca Medicinal plant
Chinese motherwort Leonurus japonicus Medicinal plant (in traditional Chinese medicine)
Siberian motherwort/Honeyweed Leonurus sibiricus Medicinal herb
American bugleweed/Water horehound Lycopus americanus Medicinal plant and dye
Rough bugleweed Lycopus asper -
European bugleweed/Gipsywort/Water horehound Lycopus europaeus Medicinal herb
Virginia bugleweed Lycopus virginicus Medicinal plant
Horehound Marrubium peregrinum -
White horehound/Common horehound Marrubium vulgare Grasshopper repellent and medicinal herb (used in hard lozenges, candies, and cough drops)
Lemon balm Melissa officinalis Medicinal and culinary herb, used in Aromatherapy
Bastard balm Melittis melissophyllum Garden plant
Spearmint Mentha spicata Medicinal plant, flavoring agent
Water mint Mentha aquatica Medicinal herb
Peppermint Mentha × piperita Medicinal plant, flavoring agent
Apple mint Mentha suaveolens Medicinal and culinary herb, ornamental plant
Corsican mint Mentha requienii Culinary herb, flavoring agent
Corn mint/Field mint/Wild mint Mentha arvensis Medicinal and culinary herb
Gingermint Mentha × gracilis Culinary herb
Bergamot mint Mentha citrata Medicinal herb
Dahurian thyme Mentha dahurica -
Forest mint Mentha laxiflora -
Horse mint Mentha longifolia Medicinal herb
European pennyroyal/Squaw mint Mentha pulegium Medicinal and culinary herb
Garden mint Mentha sachalinensis Culinary herb
Native pennyroyal/Creeping mint Mentha satureioides Medicinal herb and peppermint substitute
Grey mint Mentha vagans -
Yerba buena Micromeria douglasii -
Bells of Ireland/Molucca balmis/Shell flower Moluccella laevis Ornamental plant, used in fresh and dried flower arrangement
Lemon Beebalm/Purple horsemint Monarda citriodora Culinary and medicinal plant, insect repellent (fleas and mites)
Crimson beebalm/Scarlet beebalm/ scarlet monarda/bergamot Monarda didyma Ornamental and medicinal plant
Wild bergamot/Bee balm Monarda fistulosa Ornamental and medicinal plant, honey plant
Spotted beebalm/Horsemint Monarda punctata Medicinal plant
Wildmint/Coyote mint/Monardella Monardella arizonica -
Southern monardella Monardella australis Ornamental plant (good for rock gardens)
Gray monardella Monardella cinerea -
Mustang mint/Mustang monardella Monardella lanceolata -
Mountain Coyote mint/Mountain beebalm/Mountain pennyroyal Monardella odoratissima Garden plant
Coyote mint Monardella villosa Medicinal and ornamental plant (for natural landscape and habitat garden)
Catnip/Catmint/Catswort Nepeta cataria Culinary and medicinal herb, ornamental pant, insect repellent
Sweet basil Ocimum basilicum Culinary herb, flavoring agent
Holy basil/Tulsi Ocimum tenuiflorum Medicinal plant (in Ayurveda), culinary herb, insect repellent
Hoary basil/Limehairy basil Ocimum americanum Medicinal plant
Clove basil/African basil Ocimum gratissimum -
Cat's whiskers Orthosiphon aristatus Medicinal and ornamental plant
Misai Kucing Orthosiphon stamineus Medicinal plant, used in making herbal tea
Perilla Perilla frutescens Culinary herb and ornamental plant
Russian sage Perovskia atriplicifolia Culinary, ornamental and medicinal plant
Jerusalem sage/Lampwick plant Phlomis fruticosa Ornamental plant
Turkish sage Phlomis russeliana Ornamental plant
Correll's false dragonhead Physostegia correllii -
Obedient plant/False dragonhead Physostegia virginiana Garden plant
Country borage/French thyme/Indian mint/Spanish thyme Plectranthus amboinicus Medicinal and culinary herb, oregano substitute
Silver spurflower Plectranthus argentatus Ornamental bedding plant
Chinese potato/Coleus potato Plectranthus rotundifolius Root crop in Africa
Swedish ivy/Swedish Begonia Plectranthus verticillatus Houseplant and garden plant for groundcover
Douglas' mesa mint Pogogyne douglasii -
Profuseflower mesa mint Pogogyne floribunda -
Patchouli/ Pachouli Pogostemon cablin Medicinal herb, also used in perfumes, incense, and insect repellents
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis Medicinal and culinary herb, ornamental plant
Sage/Garden sage/Common sage Salvia officinalis Medicinal and culinary herb, ornamental plant
Greek sage Salvia fruticosa Medicinal and culinary herb
Clary/Clary sage Salvia sclarea Flavoring agent (in vermouths and liqueurs), used in perfumes and aromatherapy
Scarlet sage/Tropical sage Salvia splendens Ornamental plant
Woodland sage Salvia nemorosa Ornamental plant
Mexican bush sage Salvia leucantha Ornamental plant
Chia Salvia hispanica Edible seeds
Summer savory Satureja hortensis Medicinal and culinary herb
Winter savory Satureja montana Culinary and medicinal herb
Nose skullcap/Snapdragon skullcap Scutellaria antirrhinoides Garden plant
Baikal skullcap Scutellaria baicalensis Medicinal plant (in Chinese traditional medicine)
Scarlet skullcap or Costa Rican skullcap Scutellaria costaricana Houseplant
Common skullcap/Hooded skullcap Scutellaria galericulata Medicinal herb
Blue skullcap/Hoodwort/Virginian Skullcap/Mad-dog Skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora Medicinal plant
Mountain skullcap/Large-flowered skullcap Scutellaria montana -
Dwarf skullcap Scutellaria nana Medicinal plant
Coleus/Painted nettle Solenostemon scutellarioides Ornamental plant
Chinese artichoke Stachys affinis Root crop
Lamb's ear Stachys byzantina Garden plant
Scarlet hedgenettle Stachys coccinea Ornamental plant
Betony/Purple betony/Bishopwort Stachys officinalis Medicinal plant
Stiff hedgenettle/Perennial yellow woundwort Stachys recta -
Marsh woundwort/Marsh hedgenettle Stachys palustris Edible plant
Alpine betony Stachys monnieri Garden plant
Guyandotte beauty Synandra hispidula -
Wall germander Teucrium chamaedrys Ornamental and medicinal plant
Wood sage/Woodland germander Teucrium scorodonia Ornamental plant
Lemon thyme/Citrus thyme Thymus citriodorus Culinary and medicinal herb, ornamental plant
Caraway thyme Thymus herba-barona Culinary herb, garden plant
Forked bluecurls Trichostema dichotomum Garden plant
Vinegar weed Trichostema lanceolatum Medicinal plant
Several herbs of the mint family have been used as herbal medicines, for treating certain diseases and disorders from time immemorial. Several studies conducted in this regard have also disclosed the possible benefits of many of these herbs, in containing various diseases. However, studies have also cautioned against consuming an excessive amount of mint herbs. Therefore, it is always advisable to consult a health expert, before using these herbs for medicinal purposes.
Spearmint Leaf
Fresh Rosemary
Mentha Spicata